Adaptation Plans

Tribes throughout the United States are developing and implementing tribal climate change adaptation plans and climate vulnerability assessments. Search this list for examples of tribal climate change adaptation plans, as well as other plans and planning resources that may be useful reference guides. 

Titlesort descending Description Category Geography Website
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed

The Upper Snake River Tribe has completed their Climate Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed. It includes their Climate Vulnerability Assessment, Climate Vulnerability Project Summary, Riparian Summary Sheet, Mule Deer Climate Summary Sheet, Jackrabbit Climate Summary Sheet, Geyers Williow Climate Summary Sheet, Columbia Spotted Frog Climate Summary Sheet, Chokecherry Climate Summary Sheet, Chinook Salmon Climate Summary Sheet, and Big Sagebrush Climate Summary Sheet.

climate change, climate science, planning, policy, management, adaptation, mitigation, sustainability, human health, biodiversity, restoration, natural resource Wyoming‎, ‎Idaho‎, ‎Oregon‎, ‎Washington, Northwest Link
Puyallup Tribe of Indians Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options - 2016

From 2015 to 2016, the Puyallup Tribe worked with Cascadia Consulting Group to conduct a Climate Change Impact Assessment and identify options for adaptation. The assessment aimed to help Tribal staff and members better understand and prepare to proactively manage climate risks to ensure that Tribal customs and the Tribal community can thrive for many generations to come, despite a changing climate.

climate change adaptation plan Northwest Link
1854 Ceded Territory Including the Bois Forte, Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage Reservations: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan

To the Ojibwe, natural resources are cultural resources. There is no separation between how the bands manage and interact with a resource and how their culture endures: one is dependent on the other. Climate change, however, is threatening the very viability of many natural resources important to the Ojibwe. Warmer winters, increasing fall precipitation, increasing extreme precipitation events, more occurrences of drought, and earlier ice out dates across the 1854 Ceded Territory already are affecting flora and fauna that are imperative to the culture, history, well-being, and life-ways of the Ojibwe people. Through this project, the Bois Forte Band, Fond du Lac Band, Grand Portage Band, and 1854 Treaty Authority partnered with Adaptation International, and the Great Lakes Integrated Sciences and Assessment Center at the University of Michigan. The purpose of the project was to investigate how changing climate conditions already are and could continue to affect the landscape and species within the 1854 Ceded Territory and the respective reservations. In addition to assessing changes, the partners also identified climate-related vulnerabilities and identified actions that could be taken to create more climate resilient systems.

climate change adaptation plan Midwest Link
Bad River Reservation Seventh Generation Climate Change Monitoring Plan

This Seventh Generation Climate Monitoring Plan (the Plan) was developed by the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians (the Tribe) to detect potential climate change impacts to the ecosystems and natural resources found on the Bad River Indian Reservation (the Reservation). The purpose of the Plan is to monitor for what can sometimes be subtle changes associated with climate change that can occur over many years. https://forestadaptation.org/node/205

adaptation, development, climate change impacts, natural resources, cultural resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Wisconsin Link
City of Kwethluk, Alaska: Local Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan

Plan for these natural hazards : flooding, erosion, severe weather, and earthquake. Includes information to assist the city government and residents with planning to avoid potential future disaster losses. 2009

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Clearwater River Subbasin(ID) Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Adaptation plan developed by the Nez Perce Tribe in Idaho, focused on water and forest resources. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Climate Adaptation and Action Plan for the Norton Bay Watershed, Alaska

Adaption plan for the Norton Bay Watershed is the result of a year of community team effort, bringing in an array of stakeholders and expertise, building partnerships, extensive information gathering, critical thinking, and engaged planning. Norton Bay Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Adaptation Plan for the Territories of the Yakama Nation

The Yakama Nation Tribal Council directs all of our community and natural resource programs to carefully assess the vulnerabilities and risks identified in this Climate Adaptation Plan over the next year. In many cases, these considerations will go beyond our reservation lands and necessitate an evaluation of resources throughout the territories of the Yakama Nation. We also direct our programs to prepare and present recommendations for addressing the vulnerabilities and risks—actions that will rebuild resilience and durability within these resources for generations to come. These assessments and recommendations are not intended to be comprehensive, but they represent a substantial beginning on a long path forward.

climate change, adaptation, planning Northwest Link
Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Akwesasne

Adaptation plan for the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe in New York. Structured around the Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northeast Link
Climate Change in Atqasuk, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Atqasuk, Alaska, a traditional Inupiat community located on the west bank of the Meade River, 60 miles south of Barrow. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kiana, Alaska Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kiana, Alaska. Kiana is an Inupiat community of approximately 361 residents, located on the Kobuk River, about 60 miles east of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kivalina, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kivalina, Alaska. Kivalina is an Inupiat community of approximately 400 residents, located on a small barrier island in Northwestern Alaska. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwestern Alaska Link
Climate Change in Levelock, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Levelock, Alaska. As of 2012, there were about 88 residents, mostly Alaska Native people of Alutiiq and Yupik descent. Levelock is situated about 40 miles north from Naknek, 60 miles east of Dillingham and 278 miles southwest of Anchorage. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Noatak, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Noatak, Alaska. Noatak is an Inupiat community of approximately 500 residents, located on the west bank of the Noatak River, about 55 miles north of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Climate Change in Nondalton, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nondalton, Alaska. Nondalton is mostly Alaska Native People of Dena'ina decent, averaging about 169 residents. Nondalton is located on the west shore of Six Mile Lake, between Lake Clark and Iliamna Lake. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Nuiqsut, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nuiqsut, Alaska a traditional Inupiat community located on the West bank of the Colville River, 18 miles south from the inlet to the Beaufort Sea. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Pilot Point, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Aassessment of climate change related health effects in Pilot Point, Alaska. Pilot Point is mostly Alaska Native People of Alutiiq and Yup'ik Eskimo decent, averaging about 64 to 100 residents. Pilot Point is located on the Northern coast of the Alaska Peninsula, on the east shore of Ugashik Bay. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Climate Change in Point Hope, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Point Hope, Alaska. Point Hope is an Inupiat community of approximately 700 residents, located in Northwestern Alaska on the Chukchi Sea. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2010

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwest Link
Climate Change in Selawik, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Selawik, Alaska. Selawik is an Inupiat community of approximately 829 residents, located on the Selawik River, about four miles north of the Arctic Circle and 70 miles east of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Wainwright, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Wainwright a traditional Inupiat community located on the Chukchi Sea coast. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, June 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwest Link
Climate Change Preparedness Plan for the North Olympic Peninsula

It is increasingly apparent that the global climate is rapidly changing and that these changes will affect the people, ecosystems, economy, and culture of the North Olympic Peninsula. The most noticeable impacts will likely include:
• A diminishing snowpack lowering the region’s summer river flow and extending the summer drought season;
• Shifts in the timing and type of precipitation, creating rain on snow events and unseasonably high stream flows that scour river bottoms and flood low-land areas;
• Ongoing sea level rise driving coastal flooding, saltwater inundation, and enhanced shoreline erosion;
• Extended warm temperatures which result in increased river water temperatures, enhanced wildfire risk, decreased soil moisture, and stressed forests through disease and insect outbreaks; and
• Increasingly corrosive ocean waters (i.e. ocean acidification) from the ongoing absorption of human emissions of CO2.
This project synthesized the best available climate change projections with local stakeholder expertise of vulnerable sectors to ultimately develop climate change preparation strategies for the North Olympic Peninsula. The outputs of this effort are compiled in this Preparedness Plan and include a regional Vulnerability Assessment (Section I & II) and Adaptation Plan (Section II). With this project and other similar efforts, the region has a unique opportunity to promote collaboration on climate change adaptation between federal, state, local, and tribal governments, non-profit organizations, academic institutions, and private businesses.

climate change, adaptation strategies, infrastructure, ecosystems, water supplies North Olympic Peninsula, Washington, Puget Sound Link
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes - Climate Change Strategic Plan

Plan includes climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and risks and adaptation strategies for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in northwest Montana. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest, Montana Link
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

The people of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) have a long history of living in the southern portion of the Columbia Plateau. The area has a diverse array of natural resources and the Tribes’ connection with those resources can be seen through their on‐going connection with their First Foods. Water, salmon, game (deer and elk), roots (cous), and berries (huckleberry) are not just food sources, but are integral to the cultural, spiritual, and community identity of the Tribes. These foods depend on healthy and vibrant landscapes to thrive and those landscapes are changing as the climate of the region shifts. CTUIR is already experiencing some of those changes. In order to respond to and better plan for the future, the CTUIR took action to assess the climate related vulnerability of key resources and assets that are important to tribal life. The results of this work are summarized in this report.  

climate change adaptation, strategies, assessment, first foods, agriculture, forest health Columbia plateau, Columbia River Basin, Oregon Link
Fond Du Lac 2008 Integrated Resource Management Plan

The purpose of the Fond Du Lac Band's Integrated Resource Management Plan is to manage the Band's resources effectively for future generations. The Integrated Resource Management Plan will be used to address current and future management options of the Band. The Integrated Resource Management Plan has been developed by a group of people dedicated to the protection, enhancement, and management of Fond Du Lac's resources.

climate change impacts, natural resources, adaptation Lake Superior, Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Minnesota Link
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe-Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan

Assessment and plan for the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe in Washington includes information about the changing climate conditions, priority resources of concern, and actions to increase resilience. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Karuk Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan

The Department of Natural Resources Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan (ECRMP) is intended to guide future management of natural resources within the Karuk Aboriginal Territory and beyond. The ECRMP is an integrated resource management plan (IRMP) developed under the authority of the National Indian Forest Resources Management Act. Though this Act limits the implementation of IRMP’s to Tribal Trust lands, the authority provided in 43 USC Chapter 35 Federal Land Policy and Management provides for the “Coordination of plans for National Forest System lands with Indian land use planning and management programs for the purposes of development and revision”.

This should allow for coordination of the ECRMP with the Klamath and Six Rivers National Forests Land and Resource Management Plan revisions that will be occurring soon. With this coordination we should be able to once again manage the Aboriginal Territory in a manner consistent with our cultural and natural heritage. The Department of Natural Resources welcomes comments from the Tribal Membership and Descendants to help ensure that the final plan will provide lasting benefits for generations to come. We will be developing the draft provided below in consideration of the comments received to provide a final draft for council review, NEPA compliance, and approvals.

cultural resource management Northwest Link
Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026

"The purpose of the Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026 (CCMAP) is to evaluate the potential impacts of anthropogenic climate change on the Lummi Indian Reservation (Reservation), Lummi Usual and Accustomed Grounds and Stations (U&A), and Lummi Traditional Territories and to present both mitigation strategies that may reduce the causes of climate change and adaptation strategies that may minimize climate change impacts that cannot be avoided."

climate change, adaptation, mitigation Northwest Link
Michigan Tribal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning: Project Report

Michigan Tribes are currently experiencing the impacts of climate change: warmer average annual air and surface water temperatures, more volatile weather characterized by extreme precipiation events, decreases in duration and extremity of winter temperatures, and increases in duration of summer temperatures. These changes impact Michigan Tribes in numerous ways both directly and indirectly. Tribes are concerned with climate change and how to plan for potential and undefined impacts on natural features, traditional ways, public health, and infrastructure. This planning document is the result of a cooperative effort among the Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan, Inc., and nine federally recognized Tribes in Michigan (participating Tribes): Bay Mills Indian Community, Lac Vieux Desert Band of Ottawa Indians, Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Potawatomi (Gun Lake Tribe), Pokagon Band of Potawatomi, Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe, and Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians.

Public health, climate adaptation planning, traditional knowledge, tribal resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Michigan Link
Navajo Nation Climate-Change Vulnerability Assessment for Priority Wildlife Species

Vulnerability assessment for priority wildlife and plant species and habitats on the Navajo landscape. Golden Eagle, Mule Deer, Desert Bighorn Sheep, Mountain Lion, and American Black Bear. Pinyon Pine, Yucca spp., Mesa Verde Cactus, Navajo Sage, and Salt Cedar (Tamarisk). Navajo Nation Dept. of Fish and Wildlife and H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Southwest, Arizona, United States Link
Nome Tribal Climate Adaptation Plan

The Nome Eskimo Community (NEC), in collaboration with the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP), developed a climate adaptation plan with the Nome-based tribes. This includes tribal members of NEC, Village of Solomon, Native Village of Council, and King Island Native Community. The project goals were to familiarize tribal members with climate science and local knowledge, provide an opportunity to identify and discuss climate impacts and adaptation strategies, develop a plan, and share information with other rural Alaska and Native communities. This project was funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Community values for the Nome-based tribes, which provided a basis for the climate adaptation strategies, centered on maintaining cultural activities, fostering community and relationships, and ensuring healthy people and ecosystems.

climate change adaptation plan Alaska Link

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