Adaptation Plans

Tribes throughout the United States are developing and implementing tribal climate change adaptation plans and climate vulnerability assessments. Search this list for examples of tribal climate change adaptation plans, as well as other plans and planning resources that may be useful reference guides. 

Title Description Categorysort descending Geography Website
Stillaguamish Tribe Natural Resources Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

This report describes an assessment of the climate change vulnerability of priority species and habitats for the Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians. In addition to describing our approach and resulting sensitivity scores and vulnerability rankings, we provide an appendix of quick reference fact sheets for each of the assessed species and habitat types, highlighting their primary climate sensitivities and research needs. These estimates of climate vulnerability, underlying climate sensitivities, and key information gaps should help lay the foundation for the Tribe’s future climate adaptation and research efforts.

Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Bad River Reservation Seventh Generation Climate Change Monitoring Plan

This Seventh Generation Climate Monitoring Plan (the Plan) was developed by the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians (the Tribe) to detect potential climate change impacts to the ecosystems and natural resources found on the Bad River Indian Reservation (the Reservation). The purpose of the Plan is to monitor for what can sometimes be subtle changes associated with climate change that can occur over many years.

adaptation, development, climate change impacts, natural resources, cultural resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Wisconsin Link
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Climate Adaptation Plan

Adaptation plan developed by the Red Lake Band of Chippewa, focused on water and forest resources. 2014

Chippewa, Red Lake, Adaptation plan, forest management, water resource, traditional ecological knowledges, climate science Minnesota, Midwest Link
Puyallup Tribe of Indians Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options - 2016

From 2015 to 2016, the Puyallup Tribe worked with Cascadia Consulting Group to conduct a Climate Change Impact Assessment and identify options for adaptation. The assessment aimed to help Tribal staff and members better understand and prepare to proactively manage climate risks to ensure that Tribal customs and the Tribal community can thrive for many generations to come, despite a changing climate.

climate change adaptation plan Northwest Link
1854 Ceded Territory Including the Bois Forte, Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage Reservations: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan

To the Ojibwe, natural resources are cultural resources. There is no separation between how the bands manage and interact with a resource and how their culture endures: one is dependent on the other. Climate change, however, is threatening the very viability of many natural resources important to the Ojibwe. Warmer winters, increasing fall precipitation, increasing extreme precipitation events, more occurrences of drought, and earlier ice out dates across the 1854 Ceded Territory already are affecting flora and fauna that are imperative to the culture, history, well-being, and life-ways of the Ojibwe people. Through this project, the Bois Forte Band, Fond du Lac Band, Grand Portage Band, and 1854 Treaty Authority partnered with Adaptation International, and the Great Lakes Integrated Sciences and Assessment Center at the University of Michigan. The purpose of the project was to investigate how changing climate conditions already are and could continue to affect the landscape and species within the 1854 Ceded Territory and the respective reservations. In addition to assessing changes, the partners also identified climate-related vulnerabilities and identified actions that could be taken to create more climate resilient systems.

climate change adaptation plan Midwest Link
Nome Tribal Climate Adaptation Plan

The Nome Eskimo Community (NEC), in collaboration with the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP), developed a climate adaptation plan with the Nome-based tribes. This includes tribal members of NEC, Village of Solomon, Native Village of Council, and King Island Native Community. The project goals were to familiarize tribal members with climate science and local knowledge, provide an opportunity to identify and discuss climate impacts and adaptation strategies, develop a plan, and share information with other rural Alaska and Native communities. This project was funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Community values for the Nome-based tribes, which provided a basis for the climate adaptation strategies, centered on maintaining cultural activities, fostering community and relationships, and ensuring healthy people and ecosystems.

climate change adaptation plan Alaska Link
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

The people of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) have a long history of living in the southern portion of the Columbia Plateau. The area has a diverse array of natural resources and the Tribes’ connection with those resources can be seen through their on‐going connection with their First Foods. Water, salmon, game (deer and elk), roots (cous), and berries (huckleberry) are not just food sources, but are integral to the cultural, spiritual, and community identity of the Tribes. These foods depend on healthy and vibrant landscapes to thrive and those landscapes are changing as the climate of the region shifts. CTUIR is already experiencing some of those changes. In order to respond to and better plan for the future, the CTUIR took action to assess the climate related vulnerability of key resources and assets that are important to tribal life. The results of this work are summarized in this report.  

climate change adaptation, strategies, assessment, first foods, agriculture, forest health Columbia plateau, Columbia River Basin, Oregon Link
Resilience Dialogues- Final Synthesis Report Menominee Reservation, USA

This report captures the key outcomes from the Menominee Reservation Resilience Dialogues process, which took place between May 15 and May 26, 2017. The resilience Dialogues partners with communities to explore their risks from climate variability and change. Using a professionally facilitated, online process to connect community leaders to a network of vetted national experts, the Resilience Dialogues helps them work together to understand risks and lay the groundwork for long-term resilience. The service connects communities with the most appropriate resources, whether from federal agencies, regional networks, or the private sector.

climate change impacts, cultural resources, forest management, adaptation, development Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Wisconsin Link
Fond Du Lac 2008 Integrated Resource Management Plan

The purpose of the Fond Du Lac Band's Integrated Resource Management Plan is to manage the Band's resources effectively for future generations. The Integrated Resource Management Plan will be used to address current and future management options of the Band. The Integrated Resource Management Plan has been developed by a group of people dedicated to the protection, enhancement, and management of Fond Du Lac's resources.

climate change impacts, natural resources, adaptation Lake Superior, Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Minnesota Link
Climate Change Preparedness Plan for the North Olympic Peninsula

It is increasingly apparent that the global climate is rapidly changing and that these changes will affect the people, ecosystems, economy, and culture of the North Olympic Peninsula. The most noticeable impacts will likely include:
• A diminishing snowpack lowering the region’s summer river flow and extending the summer drought season;
• Shifts in the timing and type of precipitation, creating rain on snow events and unseasonably high stream flows that scour river bottoms and flood low-land areas;
• Ongoing sea level rise driving coastal flooding, saltwater inundation, and enhanced shoreline erosion;
• Extended warm temperatures which result in increased river water temperatures, enhanced wildfire risk, decreased soil moisture, and stressed forests through disease and insect outbreaks; and
• Increasingly corrosive ocean waters (i.e. ocean acidification) from the ongoing absorption of human emissions of CO2.
This project synthesized the best available climate change projections with local stakeholder expertise of vulnerable sectors to ultimately develop climate change preparation strategies for the North Olympic Peninsula. The outputs of this effort are compiled in this Preparedness Plan and include a regional Vulnerability Assessment (Section I & II) and Adaptation Plan (Section II). With this project and other similar efforts, the region has a unique opportunity to promote collaboration on climate change adaptation between federal, state, local, and tribal governments, non-profit organizations, academic institutions, and private businesses.

climate change, adaptation strategies, infrastructure, ecosystems, water supplies North Olympic Peninsula, Washington, Puget Sound Link
Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026

"The purpose of the Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026 (CCMAP) is to evaluate the potential impacts of anthropogenic climate change on the Lummi Indian Reservation (Reservation), Lummi Usual and Accustomed Grounds and Stations (U&A), and Lummi Traditional Territories and to present both mitigation strategies that may reduce the causes of climate change and adaptation strategies that may minimize climate change impacts that cannot be avoided."

climate change, adaptation, mitigation Northwest Link

The Shinnecock Environmental Department and the Natural Resource Committee had begun researching climate change, and particularly the impacts on surface water and ocean acidification, because of tribal shellfish cultivation. The next large concern was the increasing shoreline erosion, which is contributing to the loss of trees. The staff began researching other climate change issues that were impacting the region as well. Climate change is included in the Shinnecock Nation’s strategic plan.

climate change, adaptation, mitigation, TEK, tradition, resources, marine resources, conservation, management, planning, policy New York, Northeast Link
Climate Adaptation Plan for the Territories of the Yakama Nation

The Yakama Nation Tribal Council directs all of our community and natural resource programs to carefully assess the vulnerabilities and risks identified in this Climate Adaptation Plan over the next year. In many cases, these considerations will go beyond our reservation lands and necessitate an evaluation of resources throughout the territories of the Yakama Nation. We also direct our programs to prepare and present recommendations for addressing the vulnerabilities and risks—actions that will rebuild resilience and durability within these resources for generations to come. These assessments and recommendations are not intended to be comprehensive, but they represent a substantial beginning on a long path forward.

climate change, adaptation, planning Northwest Link
The Karuk’s Innate Relationship with Fire: Adapting to Climate Change on the Klamath.

The Karuk Tribe is a federally recognized Indian Tribe that has maintained occupancy and use of its aboriginal lands along the middle course of the Klamath and Salmon Rivers in Northern California. The Tribe’s Aboriginal Territory has been previously mapped and includes an estimated 1.48 million acres, within the Klamath River Basin. Wildland systems in the Klamath River range have evolved alongside Karuk management practices for thousands of years. Since European contact, non-native use and management of the region has severely impacted Karuk people's access to cultural, ceremonial, and food resources. Climate change has exacerbated the effects of non-native mismanagement and the Karuk are experiencing a decline in the abundance of key species such as salmon, acorns, huckleberries, hazel, and willow. This profile explores traditional Karuk fire use, traditional ecological knowledge and the need for knowledge sovereignty, as well as the Karuk climate vulnerability assessment. This profile is featured on the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit.

climate change, adaptation, traditional ecological knowledge Pacific Northwest Link
Oyate Omniciye’ Oglala Lakota Plan - The Official Regional Sustainable Development Plan of the Oglala Sioux Tribe.

The path towards creating a Regional Plan for Sustainable Development began with leaders of the Oglala Sioux Tribe in March 2011 passing Resolution 11-26XB, to promote and protect the health, welfare and culture of the Tribe. They affirmed all participants in the Oyate Omniciyé | Oglala Lakota planning process will be working toward cultural preservation, sustainable development, enhancement of environmental programs, etc., including climate change adaptation to maintain Tribal lifeways. This journey continues as the planning team hosts community meetings and interviews with program directors and other stakeholders.

climate change, adaptation, traditional knowledges, cultural preservation, sustainable development Plains, Midwest Link
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed

The Upper Snake River Tribe has completed their Climate Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed. It includes their Climate Vulnerability Assessment, Climate Vulnerability Project Summary, Riparian Summary Sheet, Mule Deer Climate Summary Sheet, Jackrabbit Climate Summary Sheet, Geyers Williow Climate Summary Sheet, Columbia Spotted Frog Climate Summary Sheet, Chokecherry Climate Summary Sheet, Chinook Salmon Climate Summary Sheet, and Big Sagebrush Climate Summary Sheet.

climate change, climate science, planning, policy, management, adaptation, mitigation, sustainability, human health, biodiversity, restoration, natural resource Wyoming‎, ‎Idaho‎, ‎Oregon‎, ‎Washington, Northwest Link
Karuk Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan

The Department of Natural Resources Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan (ECRMP) is intended to guide future management of natural resources within the Karuk Aboriginal Territory and beyond. The ECRMP is an integrated resource management plan (IRMP) developed under the authority of the National Indian Forest Resources Management Act. Though this Act limits the implementation of IRMP’s to Tribal Trust lands, the authority provided in 43 USC Chapter 35 Federal Land Policy and Management provides for the “Coordination of plans for National Forest System lands with Indian land use planning and management programs for the purposes of development and revision”.

This should allow for coordination of the ECRMP with the Klamath and Six Rivers National Forests Land and Resource Management Plan revisions that will be occurring soon. With this coordination we should be able to once again manage the Aboriginal Territory in a manner consistent with our cultural and natural heritage. The Department of Natural Resources welcomes comments from the Tribal Membership and Descendants to help ensure that the final plan will provide lasting benefits for generations to come. We will be developing the draft provided below in consideration of the comments received to provide a final draft for council review, NEPA compliance, and approvals.

cultural resource management Northwest Link
Michigan Tribal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning: Project Report

Michigan Tribes are currently experiencing the impacts of climate change: warmer average annual air and surface water temperatures, more volatile weather characterized by extreme precipiation events, decreases in duration and extremity of winter temperatures, and increases in duration of summer temperatures. These changes impact Michigan Tribes in numerous ways both directly and indirectly. Tribes are concerned with climate change and how to plan for potential and undefined impacts on natural features, traditional ways, public health, and infrastructure. This planning document is the result of a cooperative effort among the Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan, Inc., and nine federally recognized Tribes in Michigan (participating Tribes): Bay Mills Indian Community, Lac Vieux Desert Band of Ottawa Indians, Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Potawatomi (Gun Lake Tribe), Pokagon Band of Potawatomi, Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe, and Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians.

Public health, climate adaptation planning, traditional knowledge, tribal resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Michigan Link
City of Kwethluk, Alaska: Local Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan

Plan for these natural hazards : flooding, erosion, severe weather, and earthquake. Includes information to assist the city government and residents with planning to avoid potential future disaster losses. 2009

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Clearwater River Subbasin(ID) Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Adaptation plan developed by the Nez Perce Tribe in Idaho, focused on water and forest resources. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Climate Adaptation and Action Plan for the Norton Bay Watershed, Alaska

Adaption plan for the Norton Bay Watershed is the result of a year of community team effort, bringing in an array of stakeholders and expertise, building partnerships, extensive information gathering, critical thinking, and engaged planning. Norton Bay Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Akwesasne

Adaptation plan for the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe in New York. Structured around the Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northeast Link
Climate Change in Atqasuk, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Atqasuk, Alaska, a traditional Inupiat community located on the west bank of the Meade River, 60 miles south of Barrow. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kiana, Alaska Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kiana, Alaska. Kiana is an Inupiat community of approximately 361 residents, located on the Kobuk River, about 60 miles east of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kivalina, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kivalina, Alaska. Kivalina is an Inupiat community of approximately 400 residents, located on a small barrier island in Northwestern Alaska. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwestern Alaska Link
Climate Change in Levelock, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Levelock, Alaska. As of 2012, there were about 88 residents, mostly Alaska Native people of Alutiiq and Yupik descent. Levelock is situated about 40 miles north from Naknek, 60 miles east of Dillingham and 278 miles southwest of Anchorage. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Noatak, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Noatak, Alaska. Noatak is an Inupiat community of approximately 500 residents, located on the west bank of the Noatak River, about 55 miles north of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Climate Change in Nondalton, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nondalton, Alaska. Nondalton is mostly Alaska Native People of Dena'ina decent, averaging about 169 residents. Nondalton is located on the west shore of Six Mile Lake, between Lake Clark and Iliamna Lake. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Nuiqsut, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nuiqsut, Alaska a traditional Inupiat community located on the West bank of the Colville River, 18 miles south from the inlet to the Beaufort Sea. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Pilot Point, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Aassessment of climate change related health effects in Pilot Point, Alaska. Pilot Point is mostly Alaska Native People of Alutiiq and Yup'ik Eskimo decent, averaging about 64 to 100 residents. Pilot Point is located on the Northern coast of the Alaska Peninsula, on the east shore of Ugashik Bay. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link