Adaptation Plans

Tribes throughout the United States are developing and implementing tribal climate change adaptation plans and climate vulnerability assessments. Search this list for examples of tribal climate change adaptation plans, as well as other plans and planning resources that may be useful reference guides. 

Titlesort ascending Description Category Geography Website
Vulnerabilities of Navajo Nation Forests to Climate Change

"What are the vulnerabilities of our forests to climate change?"- It is crucial for the future of forest management on the Navajo Nation that this question be addressed. This report derives from a collaborative, multi-faceted effort to identify and describe the vulnerabilities of Navajo forests to climate change. By providing place-based ecological data, this report can aid in developing priorities for forest management. Through the implementation of adaptive, science-based management, the Navajo forests can become more resilient to the effects of climate change.

vulnerability assessment, BIA TRP, forest management, place-based, implementation, climate change impacts Southwestern United States Link
Upper Snake River Tribes Foundation Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

The Upper Snake River Watershed has been home to humans for more than 10,000 years. Many of their ancestors still reside on the landscape and are members of the Burns Paiute Tribe, Fort McDermitt PaiuteShoshone Tribe, Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation, and Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation. Together, these four member tribes comprise the Upper Snake River Tribes (USRT) Foundation. 1 The climate around the Upper Snake River is changing. USRT member tribes have already noticed shifts in species and habitats driven by increasing temperatures and changing precipitation patterns. Such changes in temperature and precipitation have resulted in drying sagebrush steppe habitat, extended wildfire seasons, less winter precipitation falling as snow, earlier spring run-off, low summer river flows, higher water temperatures, reduced flow from springs/seeps, proliferation of invasive weeds, and the decreasing productivity of rangelands

Tribal Vulnerability Assessment, planning, adaptation, climate change, increasing temperatures, precipitation Upper Snake River Watershed, Idaho, Oregon, Nevada Link
Tribal Environmental Plan

"Today, the Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians possess a small reservation of 6.12 acres near Empire. We currently hold approximately 547 acres of land, 153 acres of which are held in trust and 388 acres of which are in the process of being transferred into trust status.... Our Tribes continually strive to increase our land base in hopes of acquiring a significant amount of our ancestral lands to establish a Tribal forest, where we can invoke our ancestor’s traditions of sustainable harvest. In doing so, we hope to preserve, protect, and enhance our environment, community, and culture." This Tribal Environmental Plan was developed by the Environmental Protection Division within the tribe's Natural Resources department. The Plan outlines the structure and priorities of the Tribe concerning their environmental, traditional, and cultural resources.

Tribal Adaptation Plan Northwest, Oregon Coast Link
Tribal Climate Adaptation Guidebook

The Oregon Climate Change Research Institute, along with Adaptation International, created the Tribal Climate Adaptation Guidebook, which provides a framework for climate change adaptation planning in the context of existing tribal priorities. The Guidebook builds on the on-going climate-related work in tribal communities, directly considers the unique issues facing Indigenous communities, and identifies opportunities and guidance for incorporating Traditional Knowledges based on the Climate and Traditional Knowledges Workgroup’s Guidelines for Considering Traditional Knowledges (TKs) in Climate Change Initiatives. The Tribal Climate Adaptation Guidebook is designed to be useful for tribes at any stage of adaptation planning and with varying degrees of funding and staff capacity. The Guidebook is designed so that tribes can work through any applicable section and skip sections that are not applicable. The development of the guidebook was overseen by a group of advisors who supported the writing staff by refining the goals and objectives for the Guidebook and by providing regular reviews throughout the development process. The project was funded by a grant from the North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative and received supplemental funding from the Pacific Northwest Climate Impacts Research Consortium and the Oregon Climate Change Research Institute.

adaptation, planning, resource, climate change National, Northwest Link
Swinomish Climate Change Initiative: Impact Assessment Technical Report

Impact and vulnerability assessment for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Community in northwest Washington. October 2009

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest, Washington Link
Swinomish Climate Change Initiative: Climate Adaptation Action Plan

Adaptation plan for the Swinomish Indian Tribal Cmmunity in northwest Washington. 2010

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest, Washington Link
Susanville Indian Rancheria: Integrated Resource Management Plan

This IRMP is a strategic, vision-based, long-range management plan based on Tribal member’s interests, needs, and concerns for their lands and natural resources. It provides guidelines for strategic resource management in order to restore, preserve, and manage these resources for future generations.

resources, management, climate change, adaptation California Link
Stillaguamish Tribe Natural Resources Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

This report describes an assessment of the climate change vulnerability of priority species and habitats for the Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians. In addition to describing our approach and resulting sensitivity scores and vulnerability rankings, we provide an appendix of quick reference fact sheets for each of the assessed species and habitat types, highlighting their primary climate sensitivities and research needs. These estimates of climate vulnerability, underlying climate sensitivities, and key information gaps should help lay the foundation for the Tribe’s future climate adaptation and research efforts.

Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan

The Disaster Mitigation Act (DMA; Public Law 106-390) is the latest federal legislation enacted to encourage and promote proactive, pre-disaster planning as a condition of receiving financial assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Act. The DMA emphasizes planning for disasters before they occur. Under the DMA, a pre-disaster hazard mitigation program and new requirements for the national post-disaster hazard mitigation grant program were established.

adaption, management, mitigation Washington Link
SHINNECOCK INDIAN NATION CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION PLAN

The Shinnecock Environmental Department and the Natural Resource Committee had begun researching climate change, and particularly the impacts on surface water and ocean acidification, because of tribal shellfish cultivation. The next large concern was the increasing shoreline erosion, which is contributing to the loss of trees. The staff began researching other climate change issues that were impacting the region as well. Climate change is included in the Shinnecock Nation’s strategic plan.

climate change, adaptation, mitigation, TEK, tradition, resources, marine resources, conservation, management, planning, policy New York, Northeast Link
Shaktoolik, Alaska: Climate Change Adaptation for an At-Risk Community

Adaptation plan outlines next steps for the community of Shaktoolik, AK, as it responds to threats, primarily erosion and flooding. 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Resilience Dialogues- Final Synthesis Report Menominee Reservation, USA

This report captures the key outcomes from the Menominee Reservation Resilience Dialogues process, which took place between May 15 and May 26, 2017. The resilience Dialogues partners with communities to explore their risks from climate variability and change. Using a professionally facilitated, online process to connect community leaders to a network of vetted national experts, the Resilience Dialogues helps them work together to understand risks and lay the groundwork for long-term resilience. The service connects communities with the most appropriate resources, whether from federal agencies, regional networks, or the private sector.

climate change impacts, cultural resources, forest management, adaptation, development Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Wisconsin Link
Relocation Report: Newtok to Mertarvik

Strategic Management Planfor the relocation of the village of Newtok to a new site at Mertarvik. Newtok is a growing 350-person coastal village fronting on the Ninglick River in western Alaska. The Ninglick River is rapidly eroding and consuming community land and facilities as it advances. 2011.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Red Lake Band of Chippewa Climate Adaptation Plan

Adaptation plan developed by the Red Lake Band of Chippewa, focused on water and forest resources. 2014

Chippewa, Red Lake, Adaptation plan, forest management, water resource, traditional ecological knowledges, climate science Minnesota, Midwest Link
Oyate Omniciye’ Oglala Lakota Plan - The Official Regional Sustainable Development Plan of the Oglala Sioux Tribe.

The path towards creating a Regional Plan for Sustainable Development began with leaders of the Oglala Sioux Tribe in March 2011 passing Resolution 11-26XB, to promote and protect the health, welfare and culture of the Tribe. They affirmed all participants in the Oyate Omniciyé | Oglala Lakota planning process will be working toward cultural preservation, sustainable development, enhancement of environmental programs, etc., including climate change adaptation to maintain Tribal lifeways. This journey continues as the planning team hosts community meetings and interviews with program directors and other stakeholders.

climate change, adaptation, traditional knowledges, cultural preservation, sustainable development Plains, Midwest Link
Nooksack Indian Tribe Natural Resources Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

The climate of the Nooksack River watershed is changing, and is projected to continue to change throughout the 21st century. In addition to rising temperatures and exaggerated patterns of seasonal precipitation, the watershed is likely to experience greater wildfire risk, more severe winter flooding, rising sea levels, and increasing ocean acidification. These changes will have profound impacts on the watershed’s plants, animals, and ecosystems, including changes in species distributions, abundances, and productivity; shifts in the timing of life cycle events such as flowering, breeding, and migration; and changes in the distribution and composition of ecological communities. Understanding which species and habitats are expected to be vulnerable to climate change, and why, is a critical first step toward identifying strategies and actions for maintaining priority species and habitats in the face of change. The University of Washington Climate Impacts Group worked collaboratively with the Nooksack Indian Tribe’s Natural Resource Department to evaluate the climate change vulnerability of priority species and habitats for the Tribe. This report describes the approach taken to assess vulnerability and summarizes key findings from the assessment’s results. The report also includes an appendix of fact sheets describing individual assessment details for each of the species and habitat types evaluated; these fact sheets highlight each species’ key climate sensitivities as well as data gaps of importance for understanding their vulnerability. Together, the information provided in this assessment offers a rigorous foundation for future climate adaptation efforts aimed at addressing climate risks to the Nooksack Tribe’s priority species and habitats.

tribal adaptation plan, assessment, climate change, flooding, rising sea levels, rising temperatures, ecosystems Washington Link
Nome Tribal Climate Adaptation Plan

The Nome Eskimo Community (NEC), in collaboration with the Alaska Center for Climate Assessment and Policy (ACCAP), developed a climate adaptation plan with the Nome-based tribes. This includes tribal members of NEC, Village of Solomon, Native Village of Council, and King Island Native Community. The project goals were to familiarize tribal members with climate science and local knowledge, provide an opportunity to identify and discuss climate impacts and adaptation strategies, develop a plan, and share information with other rural Alaska and Native communities. This project was funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Community values for the Nome-based tribes, which provided a basis for the climate adaptation strategies, centered on maintaining cultural activities, fostering community and relationships, and ensuring healthy people and ecosystems.

climate change adaptation plan Alaska Link
Navajo Nation Climate-Change Vulnerability Assessment for Priority Wildlife Species

Vulnerability assessment for priority wildlife and plant species and habitats on the Navajo landscape. Golden Eagle, Mule Deer, Desert Bighorn Sheep, Mountain Lion, and American Black Bear. Pinyon Pine, Yucca spp., Mesa Verde Cactus, Navajo Sage, and Salt Cedar (Tamarisk). Navajo Nation Dept. of Fish and Wildlife and H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment, 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Southwest, Arizona, United States Link
Native Village of Georgetown Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

This climate change vulnerability assessment documents climate change impacts and trends that have been observed along the Kuskokwim River. It was commissioned by the Georgetown Tribal Council to help inform their efforts to re-settle the Native Village of Georgetown, and to provide a starting place for working with neighboring communities to plan for climate change. Information was collected through a variety of methods, including interviews with elders and the collection of Traditional Knowledge, mapping and graphing of environmental data, review of published literature, and interviews with local scientists and natural resource managers. This climate change vulnerability assessment was created to inform future development of the Native Village of Georgetown. Much of the information contained in this report, as well as the companion Climate Science Primer 1 specific to the area, can be used to inform efforts to prepare for climate impacts in neighboring villages and throughout the region. For more information, visit: http://georgetowntc.com/environmental/climate-change.html

climate change vulnerability assessment, adaptation Alaska Link
Mitigi idash Nibi: A Climate Adaptation Plan for the Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians

In 2014, the Model Forest Policy Program (MFPP), Climate Solutions University (CSU), and the Red Lake Department of Natural Resources (RLDNR) came together to create a climate adaptation plan for the forest and water systems of the Red Lake Indian Reservation in Minnesota. Development of the plan came about because all parties, led by MFPP, recognized the critical need for local community resilience against the impacts of climate change by protecting forest and water resources. This climate adaptation plan for the Red Lake Reservation presents the results of a team effort, deep and broad information gathering, critical analysis and thoughtful planning.

Tribal Adaptation Plan, forests, water, development, resilience, climate change, adaptation Minnesota Link
Michigan Tribal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Planning: Project Report

Michigan Tribes are currently experiencing the impacts of climate change: warmer average annual air and surface water temperatures, more volatile weather characterized by extreme precipiation events, decreases in duration and extremity of winter temperatures, and increases in duration of summer temperatures. These changes impact Michigan Tribes in numerous ways both directly and indirectly. Tribes are concerned with climate change and how to plan for potential and undefined impacts on natural features, traditional ways, public health, and infrastructure. This planning document is the result of a cooperative effort among the Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan, Inc., and nine federally recognized Tribes in Michigan (participating Tribes): Bay Mills Indian Community, Lac Vieux Desert Band of Ottawa Indians, Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians, Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Potawatomi (Gun Lake Tribe), Pokagon Band of Potawatomi, Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe, and Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians.

Public health, climate adaptation planning, traditional knowledge, tribal resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Michigan Link
Metlakatla Indian Community Climate Change Adaptation Plan

The Metlakatla Indian Community Climate Change Adaptation Plan was composed to provide support to the Metlakatla Indian Community as they are impacted by a changing climate on the Annette Islands Reserve (AIR). Throughout this document the Metlakatla Indian Community will be referred to as “the Tribe”, this term will be used to describe the entire Metlakatla Indian Community. The Tribe acknowledges the changing climate and advocates addressing the potential effects through the integration of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and scientific evidence. This document will include the background on the AIR, local interviews on TEK, resource analysis, vulnerability assessment, and potential adaptation strategies to assist the Tribe in preparation for a changing climate.

Tribal Adaptation Plan, climate change, TEK, vulnerability assessment, adaptation Alaska (Southeast) Link
Match-e-be-nash-she-wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians Climage Change Adaptation Plan

The Gun Lake Tribe currently holds over 838 acres of agricultural, forested, commercial, and residential properties. Many valuable cultural and natural resources exist within these properties. The Gun Lake Tribe realizes that these impacts are not solely within Tribal properties, but that these impacts will affect the entire Great Lakes Region and Mother Earth. The Gun Lake Tribe acknowledges the importance of actions to mitigate the causes of climate change. With this understanding, the Gun Lake Tribe has assessed the vulnerability and effects climate change will have on the following culturally significant natural resources.

Great Lakes, fish, climate change, mitigation, natural resources Great Lakes Region Link
Makah Tribe’s Climate Resilience, Adaptation, and Mitigation Planning

2014 BIA Funding for Climate Change Impacts Assessment. 2015 BIA Funding for intertidal surveys and OA/CC Literature Review. 2017 DOE Funding for Climate Adaptation Planning

adaptation, resilience, mitigation, assessment, funding, climate change Makah Link
Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026

"The purpose of the Lummi Nation Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan: 2016-2026 (CCMAP) is to evaluate the potential impacts of anthropogenic climate change on the Lummi Indian Reservation (Reservation), Lummi Usual and Accustomed Grounds and Stations (U&A), and Lummi Traditional Territories and to present both mitigation strategies that may reduce the causes of climate change and adaptation strategies that may minimize climate change impacts that cannot be avoided."

climate change, adaptation, mitigation Northwest Link
Karuk Tribe Climate Vulnerability Assessment Assessing Vulnerabilities From the Increased Frequency of High Severity Fire

Ongoing and future ecological outcomes of climate change in the Mid Klamath region of California include changes in precipitation patterns, increasing droughts, increasing frequency and severity of wildfires, and more significant disease and pest outbreaks (Butz et al. 2015, Garfin et al. 2014, Mote et al. 2014). Among the most pressing of the local dimensions of climate change taking place within Karuk ancestral territory is the increased risk of high severity fire (Lenihan et al. 2008). For the last thousand years, forested areas have become adapted to frequent occurrence of relatively low intensity fire from human and natural ignitions (Perry et al. 2011). These fire adapted forests burned in smaller overall areas in mosaic patterns that contained patches of high intensity fire (Mohr et al. 2000, Skinner et al. 2006, Perry et al. 2011).

adaption plan, Klamath, droughts, wildfire Northern California Link
Karuk Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan

The Department of Natural Resources Eco-Cultural Resources Management Plan (ECRMP) is intended to guide future management of natural resources within the Karuk Aboriginal Territory and beyond. The ECRMP is an integrated resource management plan (IRMP) developed under the authority of the National Indian Forest Resources Management Act. Though this Act limits the implementation of IRMP’s to Tribal Trust lands, the authority provided in 43 USC Chapter 35 Federal Land Policy and Management provides for the “Coordination of plans for National Forest System lands with Indian land use planning and management programs for the purposes of development and revision”.

This should allow for coordination of the ECRMP with the Klamath and Six Rivers National Forests Land and Resource Management Plan revisions that will be occurring soon. With this coordination we should be able to once again manage the Aboriginal Territory in a manner consistent with our cultural and natural heritage. The Department of Natural Resources welcomes comments from the Tribal Membership and Descendants to help ensure that the final plan will provide lasting benefits for generations to come. We will be developing the draft provided below in consideration of the comments received to provide a final draft for council review, NEPA compliance, and approvals.

cultural resource management Northwest Link
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe-Climate Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan

Assessment and plan for the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe in Washington includes information about the changing climate conditions, priority resources of concern, and actions to increase resilience. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan, Climate Change, Vulnerability Assessment Northwest Link
Forest and Water Climate Adaptation: A Plan for the Nisqually Watershed

The Nisqually River Basin is a vital part of the Washington landscape. Nestled between Tacoma and Olympia, it is the traditional home of the Nisqually Indian Tribe, and contains the small towns of Ashford, Elbe, Mineral, Eatonville, Yelm, Roy and McKenna. Despite close proximity to urban centers, the watershed remains in good environmental condition. Nearly 80% of the Nisqually River’s riparian areas are under permanent protection. It is also the only river in the United States to have its headwaters protected by a national park (Mount Rainier National Park) and its estuary protected by a national wildlife refuge (Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge). Community members place a strong priority on protecting valuable natural resources as shown by continued native salmon runs, 300,000 acres of forestland and high quality water.

adaption, watershed, mitigation, river, basin, wildlife Washington, Nisqually Watershed Link
Fond Du Lac 2008 Integrated Resource Management Plan

The purpose of the Fond Du Lac Band's Integrated Resource Management Plan is to manage the Band's resources effectively for future generations. The Integrated Resource Management Plan will be used to address current and future management options of the Band. The Integrated Resource Management Plan has been developed by a group of people dedicated to the protection, enhancement, and management of Fond Du Lac's resources.

climate change impacts, natural resources, adaptation Lake Superior, Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Minnesota Link

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