Adaptation Plans

Tribes throughout the United States are developing and implementing tribal climate change adaptation plans and climate vulnerability assessments. Search this list for examples of tribal climate change adaptation plans, as well as other plans and planning resources that may be useful reference guides. 

Titlesort descending Description Category Geography Website
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed

The Upper Snake River Tribe has completed their Climate Assessment for the Upper Snake River Watershed. It includes their Climate Vulnerability Assessment, Climate Vulnerability Project Summary, Riparian Summary Sheet, Mule Deer Climate Summary Sheet, Jackrabbit Climate Summary Sheet, Geyers Williow Climate Summary Sheet, Columbia Spotted Frog Climate Summary Sheet, Chokecherry Climate Summary Sheet, Chinook Salmon Climate Summary Sheet, and Big Sagebrush Climate Summary Sheet.

climate change, climate science, planning, policy, management, adaptation, mitigation, sustainability, human health, biodiversity, restoration, natural resource Wyoming‎, ‎Idaho‎, ‎Oregon‎, ‎Washington, Northwest Link
Puyallup Tribe of Indians Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options - 2016

From 2015 to 2016, the Puyallup Tribe worked with Cascadia Consulting Group to conduct a Climate Change Impact Assessment and identify options for adaptation. The assessment aimed to help Tribal staff and members better understand and prepare to proactively manage climate risks to ensure that Tribal customs and the Tribal community can thrive for many generations to come, despite a changing climate.

climate change adaptation plan Northwest Link
1854 Ceded Territory Including the Bois Forte, Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage Reservations: Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Adaptation Plan

To the Ojibwe, natural resources are cultural resources. There is no separation between how the bands manage and interact with a resource and how their culture endures: one is dependent on the other. Climate change, however, is threatening the very viability of many natural resources important to the Ojibwe. Warmer winters, increasing fall precipitation, increasing extreme precipitation events, more occurrences of drought, and earlier ice out dates across the 1854 Ceded Territory already are affecting flora and fauna that are imperative to the culture, history, well-being, and life-ways of the Ojibwe people. Through this project, the Bois Forte Band, Fond du Lac Band, Grand Portage Band, and 1854 Treaty Authority partnered with Adaptation International, and the Great Lakes Integrated Sciences and Assessment Center at the University of Michigan. The purpose of the project was to investigate how changing climate conditions already are and could continue to affect the landscape and species within the 1854 Ceded Territory and the respective reservations. In addition to assessing changes, the partners also identified climate-related vulnerabilities and identified actions that could be taken to create more climate resilient systems.

climate change adaptation plan Midwest Link
Bad River Reservation Seventh Generation Climate Change Monitoring Plan

This Seventh Generation Climate Monitoring Plan (the Plan) was developed by the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians (the Tribe) to detect potential climate change impacts to the ecosystems and natural resources found on the Bad River Indian Reservation (the Reservation). The purpose of the Plan is to monitor for what can sometimes be subtle changes associated with climate change that can occur over many years. https://forestadaptation.org/node/205

adaptation, development, climate change impacts, natural resources, cultural resources Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Wisconsin Link
City of Kwethluk, Alaska: Local Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan

Plan for these natural hazards : flooding, erosion, severe weather, and earthquake. Includes information to assist the city government and residents with planning to avoid potential future disaster losses. 2009

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Clearwater River Subbasin(ID) Climate Change Adaptation Plan

Adaptation plan developed by the Nez Perce Tribe in Idaho, focused on water and forest resources. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest Link
Climate Adaptation and Action Plan for the Norton Bay Watershed, Alaska

Adaption plan for the Norton Bay Watershed is the result of a year of community team effort, bringing in an array of stakeholders and expertise, building partnerships, extensive information gathering, critical thinking, and engaged planning. Norton Bay Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Adaptation Plan for the Territories of the Yakama Nation

The Yakama Nation Tribal Council directs all of our community and natural resource programs to carefully assess the vulnerabilities and risks identified in this Climate Adaptation Plan over the next year. In many cases, these considerations will go beyond our reservation lands and necessitate an evaluation of resources throughout the territories of the Yakama Nation. We also direct our programs to prepare and present recommendations for addressing the vulnerabilities and risks—actions that will rebuild resilience and durability within these resources for generations to come. These assessments and recommendations are not intended to be comprehensive, but they represent a substantial beginning on a long path forward.

climate change, adaptation, planning Northwest Link
Climate Change Adaptation Plan for Akwesasne

Adaptation plan for the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe in New York. Structured around the Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northeast Link
Climate Change in Atqasuk, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Atqasuk, Alaska, a traditional Inupiat community located on the west bank of the Meade River, 60 miles south of Barrow. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kiana, Alaska Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kiana, Alaska. Kiana is an Inupiat community of approximately 361 residents, located on the Kobuk River, about 60 miles east of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kivalina, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Rural Arctic communities are vulnerable to climate change and seek adaptation strategies that will protect health and health infrastructure. This report describes climate change impacts on Kivalina, a small Inupiat Eskimo community located on the coast of the Chukchi Sea. Data sources included the observations of local residents, reports from local and regional government officials and health professionals, and scientific evidence gathered from published sources.

Tribal Health, community health, climate change Alaska Link
Climate Change in Kivalina, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Kivalina, Alaska. Kivalina is an Inupiat community of approximately 400 residents, located on a small barrier island in Northwestern Alaska. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwestern Alaska Link
Climate Change in Levelock, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Climate change refers to change over time due to natural variability
or as a result of human activity (IPCC, 2008). Alaska is experiencing a wide range of impacts
from climate change and communities seek adaptive strategies that encourage wellness and
sustainability. This report documents climate change impacts as described by community
residents and climate change effects or potential effects as interpreted through the lens of
public health. It is the seventh report in a series describing climate change in communities
across Alaska, and the third report to focus on the Bristol Bay region.

Tribal Health, community health, climate change, natural resources Alaska Link
Climate Change in Levelock, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Levelock, Alaska. As of 2012, there were about 88 residents, mostly Alaska Native people of Alutiiq and Yupik descent. Levelock is situated about 40 miles north from Naknek, 60 miles east of Dillingham and 278 miles southwest of Anchorage. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Noatak, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Noatak, Alaska. Noatak is an Inupiat community of approximately 500 residents, located on the west bank of the Noatak River, about 55 miles north of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2011

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Climate Change in Noatak, Alaska; Strategies for Community Health

This report documents climate change impacts as described by the local people and interpreted
through the lens of public health. It is the third report in a series describing climate change
in Northwestern Alaska. The first two reports focused on the coastal whaling communities of
Point Hope and Kivalina. This is the first to look at an upriver community characterized by a
different climate, environment, and cultural practices. It was prepared by the Alaska Native
Tribal Health Consortium, Center for Climate and Health in partnership with the Maniilaq
Association, the Northwest Arctic Borough and the Noatak Traditional Council. Funding was
provided by the United States Indian Health Service.

Tribal Health, community health, climate change, disease, food security Alaska Link
Climate Change in Nondalton, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nondalton, Alaska. Nondalton is mostly Alaska Native People of Dena'ina decent, averaging about 169 residents. Nondalton is located on the west shore of Six Mile Lake, between Lake Clark and Iliamna Lake. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2013.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Nondalton, Alaska; Strategies for Community Health

Climate change refers to change over time due to natural variability or as a result of human activity (IPCC, 2008). Alaska is experiencing a wide range of impacts from climate change and communities seek adaptive strategies that encourage wellness and sustainability. This report documents climate change impacts as described by local people and climate change effects or potential effects as interpreted through the lens of public health. It is the seventh report in a series describing climate change across Alaska, and the second report to focus on the Bristol Bay region, the first being in the community of Pilot Point.

Tribal Health, community, climate change, sustainability Alaska Link
Climate Change in Nuiqsut, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Nuiqsut, Alaska a traditional Inupiat community located on the West bank of the Colville River, 18 miles south from the inlet to the Beaufort Sea. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Pilot Point, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Aassessment of climate change related health effects in Pilot Point, Alaska. Pilot Point is mostly Alaska Native People of Alutiiq and Yup'ik Eskimo decent, averaging about 64 to 100 residents. Pilot Point is located on the Northern coast of the Alaska Peninsula, on the east shore of Ugashik Bay. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Coastal Link
Climate Change in Point Hope, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Point Hope, Alaska. Point Hope is an Inupiat community of approximately 700 residents, located in Northwestern Alaska on the Chukchi Sea. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2010

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwest Link
Climate Change in Point Hope, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Today with the added pressure of climate change, Point Hope continues its struggle with increased urgency; against erosion and against other new emerging challenges to the community, the culture, and to public health.

Tribal Health, climate change, strategies, adaptation Alaska Link
Climate Change in Selawik, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Selawik, Alaska. Selawik is an Inupiat community of approximately 829 residents, located on the Selawik River, about four miles north of the Arctic Circle and 70 miles east of Kotzebue. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, 2014

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska Link
Climate Change in Wainwright, Alaska: Strategies for Community Health

Assessment of climate change related health effects in Wainwright a traditional Inupiat community located on the Chukchi Sea coast. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, June 2014.

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Alaska, Northwest Link
Climate Change Preparedness Plan for the North Olympic Peninsula

It is increasingly apparent that the global climate is rapidly changing and that these changes will affect the people, ecosystems, economy, and culture of the North Olympic Peninsula. The most noticeable impacts will likely include:
• A diminishing snowpack lowering the region’s summer river flow and extending the summer drought season;
• Shifts in the timing and type of precipitation, creating rain on snow events and unseasonably high stream flows that scour river bottoms and flood low-land areas;
• Ongoing sea level rise driving coastal flooding, saltwater inundation, and enhanced shoreline erosion;
• Extended warm temperatures which result in increased river water temperatures, enhanced wildfire risk, decreased soil moisture, and stressed forests through disease and insect outbreaks; and
• Increasingly corrosive ocean waters (i.e. ocean acidification) from the ongoing absorption of human emissions of CO2.
This project synthesized the best available climate change projections with local stakeholder expertise of vulnerable sectors to ultimately develop climate change preparation strategies for the North Olympic Peninsula. The outputs of this effort are compiled in this Preparedness Plan and include a regional Vulnerability Assessment (Section I & II) and Adaptation Plan (Section II). With this project and other similar efforts, the region has a unique opportunity to promote collaboration on climate change adaptation between federal, state, local, and tribal governments, non-profit organizations, academic institutions, and private businesses.

climate change, adaptation strategies, infrastructure, ecosystems, water supplies North Olympic Peninsula, Washington, Puget Sound Link
Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes - Climate Change Strategic Plan

Plan includes climate change impacts, vulnerabilities and risks and adaptation strategies for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in northwest Montana. 2013

Tribal, Adaptation Plan Northwest, Montana Link
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment

The people of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) have a long history of living in the southern portion of the Columbia Plateau. The area has a diverse array of natural resources and the Tribes’ connection with those resources can be seen through their on‐going connection with their First Foods. Water, salmon, game (deer and elk), roots (cous), and berries (huckleberry) are not just food sources, but are integral to the cultural, spiritual, and community identity of the Tribes. These foods depend on healthy and vibrant landscapes to thrive and those landscapes are changing as the climate of the region shifts. CTUIR is already experiencing some of those changes. In order to respond to and better plan for the future, the CTUIR took action to assess the climate related vulnerability of key resources and assets that are important to tribal life. The results of this work are summarized in this report.  

climate change adaptation, strategies, assessment, first foods, agriculture, forest health Columbia plateau, Columbia River Basin, Oregon Link
Flood and Erosion Hazard Assessment for the Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe

The Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe initiated a pilot study to assess the impacts of anticipated climate changes to both tribal infrastructure and the Sauk river ecosystem that supports fish and wildlife critical to the tribe. The Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe’s homeland encompasses a broad area including the Sauk and Cascade River watersheds in northwestern Washington. The Tribe wanted to know whether the warming climate could worsen flood and erosion risks, and whether changes could adversely impact salmon habitat. This report focuses on flood an erosion risks and how they may be impacted by climate change. The objectives of this report are to: (1) describe the hydrology and geomorphology the Sauk River near the reservation, (2) evaluate available information on potential for climate change to affect future flood flows in the Sauk River basin, (2) document historical changes in river channel and floodplain characteristics of the Sauk-Suiattle Reach, and (3) evaluate the near-term and future threats to tribal infrastructure posed by Sauk River streambank erosion and flooding.

Assessment, climate change, planning, infrastructure, erosion, flood, habitat Northwestern Washington Link
Fond Du Lac 2008 Integrated Resource Management Plan

The purpose of the Fond Du Lac Band's Integrated Resource Management Plan is to manage the Band's resources effectively for future generations. The Integrated Resource Management Plan will be used to address current and future management options of the Band. The Integrated Resource Management Plan has been developed by a group of people dedicated to the protection, enhancement, and management of Fond Du Lac's resources.

climate change impacts, natural resources, adaptation Lake Superior, Upper midwest and Great Lakes, Minnesota Link

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